Expressing “to be made to do” something in Japanese with the causative passive form.

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Hello everyone and welcome to today’s online Japanese lesson from Bondlingo. In today’s lesson we may have one of the craziest grammar points of all time, that is, the causative passive form. With this form you can express “to be made to do ” something by someone in Japanese.

This form is a combination of the causative and passive form and creates an incredibly long verb. That being said, today we are going to break this down into smaller digestible bites to allow you to grasp the concept step by step. We will first start by looking at the form and how it is conjugated, next we will look at some example sentences and then finally we will offer an effective study tip to ensure you don’t forget it in a hurry.

Now, are you ready to learn the causative passive form? This is something you are really going to find challenging, but we will ensure that we will explain it as simply as possible.

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What is the Japanese causative passive form (〜させられる ) and when can I use it?

The causative passive form is formed by combing the Shieki and Ukemi form in Japanese. That is the form of to make someone do something and the passive form. This translated into “made to do” and can be used in a wide variety of situations.

For example, if you wanted to tell someone that you were made to do your homework or maybe you were made to wear something you didn’t want to, that would be the perfect time to use the causative passive form.

We are now going to look at how to form the causative passive form so you can start conjugating the verbs you know.

How do you make a Japanese causative passive form verb

To create a saserareru させられる form verb you must first look at the verb in its specific verb group.

For group 1 the “iru / eru-verbs”  change the finalる with させられる.

For group 2 the “u-verbs” change the verb to its negative plain form and swapない for せられる.

For Group 3, well these are exceptions so just remember that:

する becomes させられる

くる becomes こさせられる

Now that we’ve got that down, look at the table below to see some real verbs being conjugated into the causative passive form. Pay close attention to their verb group.

Taberu たべる tabesaserareru たべさせる 
Nomu のむ nomaserareru 飲ませられる
Suru する saserareru させられる 
kiku きく kikaserareru きかせられる 
yomu よむyomaserareru よませられる 
kaku かく kakaserareru かかせられる 
oyogu およぐ oyogaserareru およがせられる 

Pay close attention to the different verb groups of each of the forms in the table. Try and come up with 10 examples with your own verbs from across each of the verb groups. This way you can get faster and more proficient at the conjugations of that causative passive verb form. We are now going to look at some example sentences so you can learn how to use this verb form in context.

JapaneseCausative passive form sentence examples

Here are a few examples of the causative passive form being used in context. Be sure to read these sentences aloud many time to help internalise the usage. 

shigoto wo yamesaserareta.
I was forced to quit my job.
mainichi haha ni yasai wo tabe saserareru.
Every day, my mother forces me to eat vegetables.
kinyoubi ni wa kazoku no resutoran de tetsudawaserareru.
On friday, I am forced to help out with the family restaurant.

Now you should have a better understanding of how these are used in context. We are now going to look at an effective study tip to help you retain this new information. Make sure you follow the advice in the next section or the first part will have been for nothing. 

Effective Study Tip

A great way to get proficient fast when it comes to writing sentences in the causative passive form is to set a day aside when you only speak in this form. Think of every possible situation there could be in this form and just spend your day coming up with real or made up situations.

If you’re riding the bus come up with something like, “I was made to ride the bus” If you are walking down the street “I was made to walk to the store ” etc

This way you will learn the phrase by heart and will be able to use it without even thinking about it eventually.

So guys that’s the end of todays lesson. We hope that you have learnt a lot and are not too confused by this complex form. If you have any questions at all, please get in touch. Have an amazing day.

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The Japanese Causative Verb Form Saseru (〜させる)
How to Use the Japanese Past Negative Verb Form なかった for “Was Not”