- 1 Adverbs in Japanese : The main character in this story
- 2 I-adjectives (Replacing い with く)
- 3 Na-adjectives(Adding に instead of な)
- 4 Adverbs that describe frequency
- 5 Learn Japanese Adverbs with BondLingo?
- 6 Study in Japan?
Adverbs in Japanese : The main character in this story
What are they?
By now, you are probably at a level where you have a good understanding of the proper Japanese structure. Knowing the basics is the first step into sounding fluent, but one of the easiest ways to sound more fluent, is to add more description to your sentences, one of which is to add adverbs into the mix.
To give you an idea what adverbs are, they are words that modify verbs, adjectives, and even other adverbs. They are pretty much like adjectives except they don’t describe nouns! Examples can be words like “sometimes”, “always”, “slowly”, and “quickly”.
When do we use it?
Similar to how English adverbs work, Japanese adverbs are used to give a more detailed description about how actions are done, the degree of how often you do something, the degree of intensity of adjectives, and even to describe adjectives. They come with different functions and classifications which we will talk about more later in the blogs.
Where is it in a sentence?
As we mentioned a while ago, adverbs have many classifications and functions, meaning adverbs can appear almost anywhere in a Japanese sentence structure as long as it comes before the word that it is modifying. Backtracking into what we mentioned earlier, adverbs modify verbs, adjectives and other adverbs; meaning adverbs would usually be found before or after these types of words.
Adjectives that can be used as adverbs
By now, we are at a level that we know that Japanese adjectives come in two different types. We have なー形容詞 (na-keiyoushi: na adjectives) and we also have いー形容詞（i-keiyoushi: i adjectives). Much similar to how we add “ly” to adjectives in English to act as adverbs, we can also use Japanese adjectives as Japanese adverbs. English adjectives add “ly” at the end of the word to transform into an adverb (ie. pretty = “prettily”, quick = “quickly”) while, similarly enough, Japanese adjectives add “ku” or “na” at the end of it’s adjectives to transform it into an adverb. We will discuss this further below and we will give examples and conjugation rules for each type of adverb.
I-adjectives (Replacing い with く)
Kare wa hayaku hashirimashita.
He ran quickly. / He quickly ran.
Kare wa doa wo tsuyoku aketa.
He strongly opened the door.
Kanojo wa kawaiku waraimasu.
She laughs cutely. / She cutely laughs.
Kanojo wa kare wo tsumetaku mushisuru.
She ignores him coldly. / She coldly ignores him.
Kare wa hana wo yasashiku kuremashita.
He kindly gave me flowers.
TOP 15 BASIC i-adjective(KEIYOUSHI) You must know first in Japanese
Na-adjectives(Adding に instead of な)
|Quiet||Shizuka na||しずかな||Quietly||Shizuka ni||しずかに|
|Beautiful||Kirei na||きれいな||Beautifully||Kirei ni||きれいに|
|Enthusiastic||Nesshin na||ねっしんな||Enthusiastically||Nesshin ni||ねっしんに|
|Healthy||Genki na||気きな||Lively/Energetically||Genki ni||気きに|
|Serious||Majime na||真面目な||Seriously||Majime ni||真面目に|
Watashi no inu wa shizuka ni beddo de nemasu.
My dog quietly sleeps on the bed.
Hana ga kirei ni sakimasu.
The flower beautifully blooms.
Watashi no tomodachi wa nesshin ni undoshimasu.
My friend enthusiastically exercises.
Kanojo wa genki ni utaimasu.
She energetically sings.
Watashi wa majime ni Nihonggo wo benkyoushimasu.
I seriously study Japanese.
Adverbs that describe frequency
Typically similar to the functions of English adverbs, we use adverbs to describe the frequency or how often we do a certain action. We have the same type of adverbs in Japanese and we will be showing you just a few examples of common frequency adverbs used in Japanese sentences. There are plenty more types of adverbs out there but we will end with this for now! Please stand by for more useful adjectives that you can use to spice up your Japanese!
Side note: Words with asterisks should be used with verbs in their negative forms ONLY.
Watashi wa mainichi nihongo wo benkyoushimasu.
I study Japanese everyday.
Kanojo wa itsumo terebi wo miteimasu.
She always watches TV.
Watashi wa futsuu Yamanote sen wo norimasu.
I usually ride the Yamanote Line.
Watashi no tomodachi wa yoku Osaka ni ryokoushimasu.
My friend often travels to Osaka.
Watashi wa tokidoki ramen wo taberu.
I sometimes eat ramen.
Kanojo wa tama ni jitensha ni norimasu.
She occasionally rides her bike.
Watashi wa Kanada kara no oba ni wa metta ni aimasen.
I hardly meet my Aunt from Canada.