Japanese words related TIME :Konnichiwa! Welcome to another edition of Japanese vocabulary building. This lesson is perfect for people in the beginning stages of their Japanese studies. Today, we’re focusing on words related to time and periods of time.  Study the words in the word bank below, and once you have a good handle on them, you can progress to the quiz. The answers to the quiz are at the very bottom, followed by the English translation of the questions.

Are you ready? Let’s begin!

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Japanese words related TIME

Japanese Words Related to Time

JapaneseRomajiEnglish
月曜日getsuyōbiMonday
火曜日kayōbiTuesday
水曜日suiyōbiWednesday
木曜日mokuyōbiThursday
金曜日kin’yōbiFriday
土曜日doyōbiSaturday
日曜日nichiyōbiSunday
学年gakunenschool year
(1)学期(ichi) gakki(first) semester
戦時senjiwartime
平日heijitsuweekday
時、時間toki, jikantime
瞬間shunkaninstant
1時間ichi jikanone hour
imanow
過去kakopast
未来、将来mirai, shōraifuture
今日、本日kyō, honjitsutoday
明日ashitatomorrow
昨日kinōyesterday
明後日asattethe day after tomorrow
一昨日ototoithe day before yesterday
しばらくの間shibaraku no aidafor a short time
10年間juu nenkandecade
1秒ichi byōone second
一定期間ittei kikanfixed term
終わりowariend
少年時代shōnen jidaiboyhood
幼少期yōshōkiinfancy
子供時代kodomo jidaichildhood
就寝時刻shūshin jikokubedtime
期間kikantime period
誕生日tanjōbibirthday
週末shūmatsuweekend
新時代、新紀元shin jidai, shin kigennew era
世紀seikicentury
季節kisetsuseason
春、春期haru, shunkispringtime
夏、夏季natsu, kakisummertime
秋、秋季aki, shuukiautumn
冬、冬期fuyu, tōkiwintertime
最高潮saikōchōclimax
asamorning
日の出hinodesunrise
日中nicchūdaytime
正午shōgonoon
午後gogoafternoon
昼食の時間chūshoku no jikanlunchtime
夜明けyoakedawn
たそがれtasogaredusk
夕方、晩yūgata, banevening
yorunight
真夜中mayonakamiddle of the night
bunminute
永遠、永久eien, eikyūeternity
持続期間jizoku kikanduration
祝日、祭日shukujitsu, saijitsunational holiday
1月ichi gatsuJanuary
2月ni gatsuFebruary
3月san gatsuMarch
4月shi gatsuApril
5月go gatsuMay
6月roku gatsuJune
7月shichi gatsuJuly
8月hachi gatsuAugust
9月ku gatsuSeptember
10月juu gatsuOctober
11月juu ichi gatsuNovember
12月juu ni gatsuDecember

Alright! Do you remember them all? Were there some new words you hadn’t learned from before? I recommend that you go back and review one more time.

Great! Now that you’re confident, let’s get on with the quiz! Remember, no peeking!

Japanese Quiz related TIME

1)Put the days of the week in the correct order, starting with “Monday” and ending with “Sunday.”

a)木曜日
mokuyōbi
b)日曜日
nichiyōbi
c)月曜日
getsuyōbi
d)土曜日
doyōbi
e)火曜日
kayōbi
f)金曜日
kinyōbi
g)水曜日
suiyōbi

2)とても寒い季節は何ですか?
Totemo samui kisetsu wa nan desu ka?

a)冬
fuyu
b)春
haru
c)夏
natsu

3)暑い季節は何ですか?
Atsui kisetsu wa nan desu ka?

a)春
haru 
b)秋
aki
c)夏
natsu

4)葉っぱは茶色や赤色になる季節は何ですか?
Happa wa chairo ya akairo ni naru kisetsu wa nan desu ka?

a)夏
natsu
b)冬
fuyu
c)秋
aki

5)花が初めて咲く季節は何ですか?
Hana ga hajimete saku kisetsu wa nan desu ka?

a)春
haru
b)秋
aki
c)夏
natsu

6)Write the correct letter of the Japanese translation next to the English translation of the time periods below.
_ the day before yesterday _ yesterday _ today _ tomorrow __ the day after tomorrow

a)今日
kyō
b)明後日
asatte
c)一昨日
ototoi
d)明日
ashita
e)昨日
kinō

7)日本で5月5日は「こどもの日」という_______です。
Nihon de go-gatsu itsuka wa “Kodomo no hi” to iu _ desu.

a)子供時代
kodomo jidai
b)就寝時刻
shūshin jikoku
c)祝日
shukujitsu

8)Write the correct letter of the Japanese translation next to the English translation of the times of day below.
_ morning _ noon _ afternoon _ dawn _ night _ middle of the night

a)正午
shōgo
b)夜
yoru
c)夜明け
yoake
d)朝
asa
e)真夜中
mayonaka
f)午後
gogo

9)昨日はどんな期間ですか?
Kinō wa donna kikan desu ka?

a)今
ima
b)過去
kako
c)未来
mirai

10)明後日はどんな期間ですか?
Asatte wa donna kikan desu ka?

a)今
ima
b) 過去
kako
c)未来
mirai

11)赤ちゃんの時はどんな期間ですか?
Aka-chan no toki wa donna kikan desu ka?

a)幼少期
yōshōki
b)少年時代
shōnen jidai
c)持続期間
Jizoku kikan

12)100年間はどんな期間ですか?
Hyaku nenkan wa donna kikan desu ka?

a)戦時
senji
b)最高潮
saikōchō
c)世紀
seiki

Well? How did you do? Did you get 100%? Did you miss a few? Even if you didn’t do so hot, no problem! Just go back, study your mistakes, and this will be a good learning experience for you. The only way to truly master a skill is by making mistakes and learning from them, so keep at it and believe in yourself!

And don’t forget to get out there and practice what you’ve learned! Remember, learning something new means nothing unless you get out there and practice

Practice, practice, practice!

Question translations:

  1. What is a season that is very cold?
  2. What is a hot season?
  3. What is the season where the leaves turn brown and red?
  4. What is the season where the flowers start to bloom?
  5. In Japan, there is a ____ called “Children’s Day.”
  6. What time period is yesterday?
  7. What time period is the day after tomorrow?
  8. When you were a baby, what time period was that?
  9. What time period is 100 years?
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Answers:

  1. c. e. g. a. f. d. b.
  2. a.
  3. c.
  4. c.
  5. a.
  6. c. e. a. d. b.
  7. c.
  8. d. a. f. c. b. e.
  9. b.
  10. c.
  11. a.
  12. c.

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