- 1 All about Japanese Adjectives
- 2 Important takeaways
- 3 Useful adjective endings for conversation
- 4 Learn Japanese Adjectives with BondLingo?
- 5 Study in Japan?
All about Japanese Adjectives
It has been quite a journey learning Japanese adjectives and we have discussed many things already. As you know, they are words that are derived from the senses and feelings in general and are used to describe nouns and objects. These words can vary between being found before or after the noun its trying to describe depending on how you have constructed your sentence.
There are 2 main categories of 形容詞 (keiyoushi/ adjectives) and these are na-keiyoushi and i-keiyoushi. Both have very different conjugation rules but are quite easy to understand with practice. Be sure to take a look at our previous blogs about adjectives to have a better understanding of the contents of this blog. We will discuss more about adjectives on this blog so hopefully, you will use them to your advantage!
The only irregular adjective of Japan
As we have discussed before, there are two main categories of Japanese adjectives. We talked about na-keiyoushi and i-keiyoushi and their different forms and conjugations and although they are the main categories, there is one word in the Japanese language where these rules absolutely DO NOT apply. The word we are talking about is actually quite common and can be considered as quite an “easy” word to learn. The problem with that is how it might confuse beginner students because of how even though it is a commonly used word, normal rules for na and i keiyoushi do not apply to it.
This is word means “good”. It was originally spelled and used as よい(良い）but eventually became いい with time. Technically, it is considered as an i-keiyoushi but confusingly, i-adjective rules do not apply to it. We will discuss it through the table below so be sure to study it!
|Was good||Yokatta desu||良かったです|
|Was good (casual)||Yokatta||良かった|
|Not good||Yoku arimasen||良くありません|
|Not good (casual)||Yoku nai||良くない|
|Was not good||Yoku arimasen deshita||良くありませんでした|
|Was not good (casual)||Yoku na katta||良くなかった|
Useful adjective endings for conversation
We have so far talked about past, present, positive, and negative forms of adjectives. Although these are the main basics that one has to know to masterfully use adjectives, language is an ever evolving thing and there is always something to learn. There are many useful suffixes (morphemes you add to the end of a word to change meaning) out there and we will discuss a few here, to further aid you in your journey to mastering adjectives. These are only a few examples for there are many out there!
Be sure to practice these suffixes with na and i keiyoushi and do not be scared to use them in sentences and conversations. After all, trial and error is the best teacher after practicing.
過ぎる (すぎる) — Too + [adj] (Ex. He is way too kind!)
Drop the final い and add すぎる
Kyou no pikuniku wa tanoshi sugiru!
Todays picnic was too fun!
|Too cute||Kawai sugiru||かわいすぎる|
|Too fun||Tanoshi sugiru||たのしすぎる|
|Too sleepy||Nemu sugiru||ねむすぎる|
Drop the です and add すぎる
Kinou no shiken wa kantan sugi desu ne.
Yesterday's test was too easy, wasn't it?
|Too convenient||Benri sugiru||べんりすぎる|
|Too quiet||Shizuka sugiru||しずかすぎる|
|Too easy||Kantan sugiru||かんたんすぎる|
くなる — Become + [adj]
(Ex. You’ll become better at Japanese if you study)
Drop the final い and add くなる
Yasai wo tabetara, se ga takakunaru.
Eating vegetables makes you become taller.
|Become taller||Taka kunaru||たかくなる|
|Become happy||Ureshi kunaru||うれしくなる|
|Become sweet||Ama kunaru||あまくなる|
Drop the です and add くなる
Mainichi benkyoushitara, uma kunaru.
Studying everyday will make you become better.
|Become better||uma ku naru||うまくなる|
|Become free/not busy||Hima ninaru||ひまになる|
|Become poor||Binbou ninaru||びんぼうになる|
そう — Looks like, seems like + [adj]
(Ex. It looks expensive!)
- Drop the final い and add そう
- An i-adjective turns into a na-adjective when you add そう to it
- ない (negative form) becomes なさそう
Sono pasokon wa takasou.
That laptop looks expensive.
|Looks expensive||Taka sou||たかそう|
|Looks painful||Ita sou||いたそう|
|Looks young||Waka sou||わかそう|
Drop the です and add そう
Sono hito wa yumei sou jya nai?
Doesn't that person seem famous?
|Seems famous||Yuumei sou||ゆうめいそう|
|Seems not good at it||Heta sou||へたそう|
|Seems bad/ disgusting||Iya sou||いやそう|
Learn Japanese Adjectives with BondLingo?