Welcome, future Japanese masters! Today, we have a list of 10 adjectives that you simply cannot do without! Why? Because they’re so convenient! Seriously, you’ll use them so much in daily conversation in Japan that you’ll pat yourself on the back for having studied them beforehand. Let’s see what they are!
- 1 Japanese Adjectives
- 2 1. いい (ii) –Japanese Adjectives
- 3 2. 悪い (warui) – Japanese Adjectives
- 4 3. 好き(な) (suki-na) – Japanese Adjectives
- 5 4. 嫌い(な) (kirai-na) – Japanese Adjectives
- 6 5. 高い (takai) – Japanese Adjectives5. 高い (takai)
- 7 6. 安い (yasui) – Japanese Adjectives
- 8 7. 美味しい (oishii) – Japanese Adjectives
- 9 8. 面白い (omoshiroi) – Japanese Adjectives
- 10 9. 楽しい (tanoshii) – Japanese Adjectives
- 11 10. 危ない (abunai) – Japanese Adjectives
- 12 Learn Japanese adjectives with BondLingo?
Before we begin, it’s important to know that there are two types of adjectives in Japanese: i–adjectives and na–adjectives. I–adjectives are adjectives that end with the hiragana character い (i). Na–adjectives are adjectives that you need to attach な (na) to the end of before they can modify nouns.
Do you see how they work? Now, let’s get started with our list!
1. いい (ii) –Japanese Adjectives
This is an essential Japanese word to start out with. In all walks of life, we need to be able to identify whether something is good or bad. If it’s good, then we communicate this by using the word いい (ii).
Kare wa ii hito desu.
He is a good person.
Kyou wa ii tenki desu.
It’s good (nice) weather today.
2. 悪い (warui) – Japanese Adjectives
On the flip side, in case things take a turn for the worse and end up bad, then we need to be able to communicate that as well.
Kore wa totemo warui koto desu.
This is very bad.
Watashi wa kibun ga warui desu.
I don’t feel well.
3. 好き(な) (suki-na) – Japanese Adjectives
Believe it or not, the word “like” is an adjective in Japanese. That’s why Japanese beginner English speakers often make the mistake of saying, “Cake is like,” rather than, “I like cake.” Being able to communicate what you like is essential in order to convey what kind of person you are. It will also win you some good friends if you happen to have the same interests!
Watashi wa keeki ga suki desu.
I like cake.
4. 嫌い(な) (kirai-na) – Japanese Adjectives
As with “like,” the word “hate” is also an adjective. It may sound a bit negative, but “hate” doesn’t have the same strong connotation it does in English. It can also mean “dislike” depending on the tone of voice and expression on your face.
Watashi wa yasai ga kirai desu.
I hate/dislike vegetables.
Kirai-na tabemono wa arimasu ka?
Are there any foods that you dislike?
5. 高い (takai)
– Japanese Adjectives5. 高い (takai)
We’re all shoppers at heart, and Tokyo is one of the fashion capitals of the world! However, each person has a different amount of funds available at their disposal. Therefore, it’s important to be able to convey that something is a little bit out of our price range.
Kono mise wa takai desu.
This shop is expensive.
Takai resutoran de tabetakunai desu.
I don’t want to eat an expensive restaurant.
6. 安い (yasui) – Japanese Adjectives
Cheap can also mean low quality, but in Japan just because it’s cheap doesn’t mean it isn’t good value. Sometimes cheap can be a good thing!
Watashi wa yasui tokoro ni ikitai desu.
I want to go to a cheap place.
Yasui fukuya wa doko desu ka?
Where is a cheap clothing store?
7. 美味しい (oishii) – Japanese Adjectives
If there’s one word the Japanese love, it’s “oishii.” Any trip to the bathroom at any restaurant in Japan, you’ll always hear at least 10 “oishii”s along the way. This is the word used to convey to anyone within earshot that something is mmm…mmm… good!
Kore wa oishii desu!
This is delicious!
Oishii o-mise wa wakarimasu ka?
Do you know of any delicious restaurants?
8. 面白い (omoshiroi) – Japanese Adjectives
Both “interesting” and “funny” are the same word in Japanese. Therefore, I like to just think of it as meaning “entertaining.” If there were a #2 on the list of words favored by the Japanese, it would be this one. Omoshiroi is your go-to word for any opinion that the Japanese ask of you. That is, of course, unless you’re eating (that would be oishii)!
Kare wa omoshiroi desu.
He is funny.
Omoshiroi eiga ga suki desu.
I like funny movies.
9. 楽しい (tanoshii) – Japanese Adjectives
Who doesn’t like to have fun? The Japanese tend to be on the joyful side, so most experiences they will describe in retrospect as “fun.” So, if anyone asks you how your experience was, just say it was “tanoshii.” It’s a great way to show how grateful you are to be able to partake in these experiences.
Karaoke wa tanoshikatta!
I enjoyed karaoke!
Yuuenchi wa tanoshisou!
The amusement park looks fun!
10. 危ない (abunai) – Japanese Adjectives
Japan is one of the safest countries in the world. That’s because Japanese people are always contemplating what is the safest route to go and what is the most dangerous. I guarantee you’ll hear more about what is dangerous (abunai) than what is safe (anzen).
Get out of there! It’s too dangerous!