Hey! Don’t leave. That’s an order. Hi guys today we are going to be learning about how to give strong commands in Japanese. This is going to be a really fun and interesting lesson which isn’t too hard to get started with straight away.
- 1 The Japanese imperative and negative imperative form – Don’t sleep!
- 2 Let’s look at the Imperative form 命令形 めいれいけい
- 3 Let’s look at the negative imperative form 禁止形 きんしけい
- 4 Let’s read over some fantastic example sentences
- 5 A great study technique that you can use to master both of the grammar points from today’s lesson.
- 6 A quick summary of today’s lesson
- 7 Learn Japanese Online with BondLingo
- 8 Recommend
The Japanese imperative and negative imperative form – Don’t sleep!
We will be learning about 2 forms today
- The Imperative form 命令形 めいれいけい
- The Negative Imperative forms 禁止形 きんしけい
We will be breaking down today’s lesson into 5 segments to make the information as easy to digest as possible. The sections will be as follows:
- We will look at the Imperative form 命令形 めいれいけい in detail and learn how the grammar works.
- We will look at the negative imperative form 禁止形 きんしけい and learn how the grammar works.
- We will be looking at some fantastic example sentences with both forms to help us get a good grip on each of today’s grammar points.
- We will be teaching you a great study technique that you can use to master both of the grammar points from today’s lesson.
- We will finally have a quick summary of today’s lesson to make sure we haven’t missed anything.
This is going to be a really useful lesson and we can’t wait to jump right in, let’s go!
Let’s look at the Imperative form 命令形 めいれいけい
It’s time to learn how the grammar works.
The Imperative form is used when you want to command somebody to do something.
The meireikei 命令形 is placed at the end of the sentence as the main verb. This form is quite offensive and has a very strong connotation so should definitely be sued with caution.
The conjugation of this form is a little tricky so let’s look at how you would do this now:
|Group 1||書くKakuTo read||Replace last う with え||書け kake|
|Group 1||買うKauTo buy||Replace last う with え||買え kae|
|Group 1||待つMatsuTo wait||Replace last う with え||待て mate|
|Group 2||食べるTaberuTo eat||Remove る and add よ or ろ||食べよ/ろ Tabeyo / tabero|
|Group 3||するSuruTo do||せよ/ろ Seyo Shiro|
|Group 3||くるKuruTo come|| 来い koi|
As you can see each group has a different conjugation so it can be quite difficult to get used to at first. Let’s look at an example.
Imperative sentences are usually very short. In this example the speaker is commanding someone to sleep or “keep sleeping”.
It will take some time to get used to all of the different conjugations but we will come on to that later.
Let’s now look at the next form which is the negative imperative form.
Let’s look at the negative imperative form 禁止形 きんしけい
It’s time to learn how the grammar works.
Unlike the first example, the negative imperative form when used means “Don’t do something” .
In the Japanese version of “don’t drink and drive” slogan, 【乗るなら飲むな】 Noru nara nomu na
The good news is that this so so easy to use. You simple add な to the end of a dictionary form verb. Let’s look at an example.
You can see how easy this is to form so lets now have a look at some example sentences with both forms.
Let’s read over some fantastic example sentences
Get a good grip on each of today’s grammar points.
This is a great sentence you can use in a positive light. Commands don’t always have to be negative.
Jibun wo Shinjiro
Believe in yourself!
Here is a really common phrase that you can use and have probably heard time and time again.
Do your best.
Moving onto the negative imperative you can see how easy this is to use and apply in these next 2 examples.
Shinpai suru na
Don't worry about it.
Unten suru nara nomu na
If you drive don't drink
A great study technique that you can use to master both of the grammar points from today’s lesson.
Don’t skip this section!
So now we know about how to form sentences. We need to look at how to look at how you can retain the information from today’s lesson.
Now we know that the negative imperative is easy to form so with that you will only need to write a few example sentences of your own, that won’t be a problem.
However, the imperative form is a lot harder to form over the 3 groups. You are going to want to write out a table of your own each day for the next 3 days. Then once you are comfortable with that you should then start to write many example sentences of your own. Try and make as many as you can for 3 more days after. This will really help you get a really good command over both imperative forms that we have learnt today.
Let’s now have a quick summary.
A quick summary of today’s lesson
Let’s make sure we haven’t missed anything
- Both imperative and negative imperative forms are very rude and quite strong so use with caution
- The negative imperative form is easily formed, just add な to the end of a dictionary form verb.
- The imperative form is a lot harder to form so you should practice with the table provided
- Make sure to practice our study tip for the most effective results .
So guys, thanks for joining us for today’s online Japanese lesson from BondLingo. Yes, the imperative form may seem tough but we are sure you will get it with some perseverance. If you have any more questions or suggestions for future content that you would like to learn about, be sure to get in touch with us and we will see what we can do. A big well done today guys you are really taking your own progress into your own hands and should be proud. Until the next time またね.