Good day to all of you hard working learners we hope you are well and ready to start another great online Japanese lesson from Bondlingo. Today we are going to be talking about the verbo すぎる and how it interacts specifically with nouns and adjetivos

Aprenda japonês online com BondLingo

Learn to say things like “There are too many people on this street.” with  – adj-すぎる・N-すぎる in Japanese

We are going to split today’s lesson into 5 sections to help you effectively learn and master today’s subject. 

  1. We are going to look at the definition of すぎる and learn how it can be used 
  2. We will look at the gramática for すぎる and learn about how you can form sentences. We will be focusing on noun and adjetivo sentences. 
  3. We will look at various example sentences to help broaden your understanding of すぎる
  4. We will teach you a study technique so you can use Sugiru with confidence 
  5. We will summarize today’s lesson to make sure you didn’t miss anything,

So guys it’s time to get learning and take the next step forward on your Japanese journey. Let’s jump right in and take down すぎる!

What is the meaning of すぎる -How will Sugiru be útil for you?

Sugiru すぎる 過ぎる is a verbo which means “Too much”. When combined with other verbos such as たべる taberu “to eat” it means “To eat too much”.We will be able to turn verbos into nouns and then add Sugiru to turn them back into verbos again. Using Sugiru with adjetivos we will be able to say things such as “Too many people” “Too difficult” 

Let’s take a look at how you can make sentences with すぎる and combine them with nouns and adjetivos.

How do you form noun and adjetivo sentences with すぎる

Let’s look at the nitty gritty of the gramática 

Firstly lets look at how you add すぎる to nouns and adjetivos em japonês. 

Com verbos you should take them in a masu form tabemasu – remove the masu 

“Tabe” and then add sugiru Tabesugiru. 

NounsRemove masu +すぎるたべすぎるTo eat too much
AdjetivosRemove い and +すぎるむずかしすぎるTo difficult 
Adjetivos+すぎるか ん た ん す ぎ るTo easy

Once you add sugiru to a noun or adjetivo it becomes a verbo, so the gramática surrounding this newly formed sugiru verbo must also comply with how gramática works around normal verbos também. 

These new SUGIRU verbos can also be conjugated too like so. 

すぎるSugiruDictionary presentToo much
すぎたSugitaDictionary pastWas too much
すぎますSugimasuMasu form presentToo much (Educado)
すぎましたSugimashitaMasu form pastWas too much (Educado)

Let’s take a look at an example sentence and see how it is constructed.

この道に人が多過ぎる。
Kono michi ni hito ga oosugiru
There are too many people on this street.

As we used the い adjetivo for “A lot” おおい we simply removed the い and added すぎる to create おおすぎる. Also as this is a verbo we don’t need anything else at the end.

It will take a little bit of getting used to but it really is such an essential gramática point to master you will definitely thank yourself later. Now lets looks at some example sentences. 

Let’s look at some example sentences using すぎる

Study some of our example sentences to help broaden your understanding. 

We are now going to take a look at some example sentences to help you get a better understanding of sugiru and its various uses in context.

酒を飲み過ぎた
Sake wo nomisugita
I drank too much sake. 

In this first sample we have taken the verbo “to drink” nomimasu – removed the masu and added sugiru in the past form “sugita”. Nowe we have “Drank too much”.

高すぎるので買いません。
Takasugiru node kaimasen
Because its too expensive i won't buy it.

In this example you can see how the adjetivo takai which means “expensive” has been combined with sugiru to make “too expensive” 

簡単すぎるから勉強しないと思う。
Kantan sugiru kara benkyou shinai to omou 
Because it’s too easy I don't think i will study. 

Here we have a NA adjetivo plus SUGIRU. Simply add sugiru to create the “too much X” form here.

試験が難しすぎるから、受けません。
Shiken ga muzukashisugiru kara ukemasen
Because the test is too difficult I will not take it.

In this example we have another い adjetivo example transforming from muzukashii to muzukashisugiru. Simply remove the い and add すぎる。

Faça perguntas sobre japonês!

A powerful study technique you can use to master すぎる

A practical technique you can start using straight away 

Let’s now learn a powerful study technique that you can implement to get better at using sugiru in your Japanese communication. Firstly you should learn all of the different conjugations of sugiru and prática attaching it to different adjetivo and noun endings. This will be a big help when it comes to the next section. 

Now you are going to want to read all of today’s examples thoroughly and learn them off by heart. Once that pattern has solidified in your brain you must then go ahead and create a few example sentences in this form for the next 3 – 4 days. Through this repetition you will have a hard time forgetting today’s gramática point and command real mastery over it in just a short period of time.

This is the most important part of the lesson so be sure you dont skip over it. 

Now lets have a look at a small summary of today’s lesson.

A small summary to digest today’s lesson

Let’s make sure we haven’t missed anything 

  1. Sugiru is a verbo which means “too much” and can be combined with nouns and adjetivos
  2. Conjugação for nouns and adjetivos are different so make sure to learn them thoroughly
  3. Prática the technique from todays study tip to ensure mastery of すぎり

So guys there we have it that brings us to the end of our online Japanese lesson from bondlingo. We really hope that you enjoyed today’s lesson and, most importantly, learnt something new that you can take away and implement in your communication. 

If you have any questions or future ideas for content that you would like to run by us please do not hesitate to get in touch. Until the next online Japanese lesson, じゃね.

Aprenda japonês online com BondLingo

Aprenda japonês Online com BondLingo

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