それは素晴らしく見えます!:いにそう追加することで何かが「見える」ことを表現する-形容詞 :Let’s start off the new decade on the right foot! In today’s lesson, we’re going to learn to express how something “looks” or “appears to be” by adding そう (スー) to the end of an 形容詞. This lesson will focus only on 私-形容詞. Here we go!

TOP 15 BASIC Japanese i-形容詞 あなたは最初に日本語で知らなければなりません|日本語レッスン
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い(形容詞)にそう(そう)を追加して何かが「見える」ことを表現する

When added to the end of a 動詞 または 形容詞, そう (Sou) expresses the speaker’s conjecture about a current state or condition, or about the future, based on sensory evidence, a general feeling, etc. In English, スー roughly translates to “It looks…” or “It seems…” 

形容詞 見直し

始める前に、いくつかの一般的なことを確認しましょう 私-形容詞.

日本人ローマ字英語
楽しいたのしい楽しい
美味しいおいしいおいしい
難しいムズカシイ難しい
面白いおもしろいinteresting/entertaining/funny 
高い高井高価な

Now, let’s make a few simple sentences using the words above.

ディズニーランドは楽しい!
Dizuniirando wa tanoshii!
Disneyland is fun!
寿司は美味しかった!
寿司 wa oishikatta!
寿司 was delicious!
展示会は面白かったけど、切符は高かった。
Tenjikai wa omoshirokatta kedo, kippu wa takakatta.
The exhibition was interesting, but the tickets were expensive.

Adding そう to 私-形容詞

使用する場合 形容詞 in their dictionary form, you are expressing what something or someone です according to your perception or opinion. By adding そう (スー) to the end of an 形容詞, you are expressing what something or someone “looks to be” based on limited information. In order to add スー to the end of an 私-形容詞、あなたは単に最後を削除します ひらがな キャラクターい() and replace it with スー!

日本人ローマ字英語
楽し  ➝ 楽しそうたのし  ➝ tanoshisoufun  ➝ looks fun
美味し  ➝ 美味しそうoishi  ➝ oishisoudelicious  ➝ looks delicious
難し  ➝ 難しそうmuzukashi  ➝ muzukashisoudifficult  ➝ looks difficult
面白  ➝ 面白そうおもしろ  ➝ omoshirosouinteresting  ➝ looks interesting
高い  ➝ 高そうたか  ➝ takasouexpensive  ➝ looks expensive

Now that we know how to add スー 終わりまで 私-形容詞, let’s create a few simple sentences to express what something “looks to be.”

東京ディズニーランドは楽しそう!
Toukyou Dizuniirando wa tanoshisou!
Tokyo Disneyland looks fun!
寿司は美味しそう!
寿司 wa oishisou!
寿司 looks delicious!
試験は難しそう!
Shiken wa muzukashisou!
The exam looks difficult!
あの映画は見たことないけど、面白そう!
Ano eiga wa mita koto nai kedo, omoshirosou!
I’ve never seen that movie before, but it looks interesting!
あの革のジャケットは高そう!
Ano kawa no jaketto wa takasou!
That leather jacket looks expensive!

[NOTE: The 形容詞 いい (ii, good) is a special case. You have to change it back to its dictionary form 良い (よい) first. After that, you remove the い () and replace it with さそう (さそう). Therefore, the correct way to say that something “looks good” is NOT 良そう, it’s 良さそう (yosasou).]

The Negative Form of 私-形容詞 + そう

Just like you can say that something “looks to be” a certain way, you can also say that something “does NOT look to be” a certain way. 

The first step in creating the negative form of this expression is by conjugating the 形容詞 into its negative form. This is done by replacing the い () at the end of the word with くない (クナイ). 

日本人ローマ字英語
楽し  ➝ 楽しくないたのし  ➝ tanoshikunaifun  ➝ not fun
美味し  ➝ 美味しくないoishi  ➝ oishikunaidelicious  ➝ not delicious
難し  ➝ 難しくないmuzukashi  ➝ muzukashikunaidifficult  ➝ not difficult
面白  ➝ 面白くないおもしろ  ➝ omoshirokunaiinteresting  ➝ not interesting
高い  ➝ 高くないたか  ➝ takakunaiexpensive  ➝ not expensive

Now that you have changed the 形容詞 into its negative form, replace the final い () with さそう (さそう). 

日本人ローマ字英語
楽しくな  ➝ 楽しくなさそうtanoshikuna  ➝ tanoshikunasasounot fun  ➝ doesn’t look fun
美味しくな  ➝ 美味しくなさそうoishikuna  ➝ oishikunasasounot delicious  ➝ doesn’t look delicious
難しくな  ➝ 難しくなさそうmuzukashikuna  ➝ muzukashikunasasounot difficult  ➝ doesn’t look difficult
面白くな  ➝ 面白くなさそうomoshirokuna  ➝ omoshirokunasasounot interesting  ➝ doesn’t look interesting
高くな  ➝ 高くなさそうtakakuna  ➝ takakunasasounot expensive  ➝  doesn’t look expensive

Now that we know how to create the negative expression “does NOT look to be…,” let’s create a few example sentences.

あの勉強会は楽しくなさそう。
Ano benkyoukai wa tanoshikunasasou.
That study group doesn’t look fun.
納豆は美味しくなさそう。
Nattou wa oishikunasasou.
Japanese fermented soybeans don’t look delicious.
「マリオカート」は難しくなさそう。
Mario Kaato wa muzukashikunasasou.
Mario Cart doesn’t look difficult.
あのクリームコーンドキュメンタリーは面白くなさそう。
Ano kuriimu koon dokyumentarii wa omoshirokunasasou.
That creamed corn documentary doesn’t look interesting.
あのカシオリストウォッチは高くなさそう。
Ano Kashio risuto uocchi wa takakunasasou.
That Casio wristwatch doesn’t look expensive.

[NOTE: Just like with positive expressions, the 形容詞 いい (ii, good) is a special case. You have to change it back to its dictionary form 良い (よい) first. After that, you conjugate it into its negative form 良くない (yokunai). And finally, just like with the other 私-形容詞, you replace the final い () with なさそう (nasasou). Therefore, the correct way to say that something “does NOT look good” is 良くなさそう (yokunasasou).]

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要約すれば

In summary, adding そう (スー)の終わりまで 形容詞 creates the expression of how something or someone “looks to be” based off of limited information. 

あり 私-形容詞, the expression is created by removing the character い () at the end of the word and replacing it with そう (スー). The negative form of the phrase is created by conjugating the 形容詞 into the negative form, removing the い () at the end, and replacing it with なさそう (nasasou). The exception to this rule is いい (ii, good), which becomes 良さそう (yosasou) in positive expressions, and 良くなさそう (yokunasasou) in negative expressions.

Ring in the new year by getting out there and practicing what you’ve learned today! Always remember, the only surefire way to master a new skill is to 練習, 練習, 練習!

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