Hey Guys, It’s time to dive back into some more Japanese verb conjugation. This time we are looking at “Masu” form tenses which will carry over perfectly from the last lesson. If you remember, in the last online Japanese lesson, we looked at conjugating a plain form verb into the more polite “Masu” form. So now we are going to learn how to conjugate “Masu” form verbs into 3 different tenses.
- 1 Conjugating the Masu form into the past tense
- 2 Conjugating the Masu form into the negative tense
- 3 Conjugating the Masu form into the past negative tense
- 4 How can I practice these conjugation effectively?
- 5 So … What’s next?
- 6 Study in Japan?
Conjugating the Masu form into the past tense
So firstly what we are going to do establish the tenses we are going to change the plain masu form into. Let’s take for example Tabemasu, we are going to learn how to take “To Eat” and change that into the negative, past and past negative tenses. This would equate to; won’t eat, ate and to not eat.
So as you can see these three Japanese verb conjugations of the masu form are really going to help your Japanese progress to the next level for expressing actions in time.
First we are going to look at the Past tense.
To conjugate a Masu form Verb into the past we have to turn Masu ます into Mashita ました
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Conjugating the Masu form into the negative tense
So as you can see it is pretty easily done. Now lets take a look at conjugating a plain Masu form verb into the negative. To do this we have to turn Masu ます into Masen ません。
Lets now have a look at the next table of verbs in order to understand this in more detail
|To Eat||Tabemasu||たべます||To not Eat||Tabemasen||たべません|
|To Borrow||Karimasu||かります||To not Borrow||Karimasen||かりません|
|To Do||Shimasu||します||To not do||Shimasen||しません|
|To Come||Kimasu||きます||To not Come||Kimasen||きません|
|To Die||Shinimasu||しにます||To not Die||Shinimasen||しにません|
The last conjugation we are going to learn is the past negative form. This is to express “Did not do”. To do this we have to turn Masu ます into Masen deshita ませんでした。
Lets take a look at the final table to see how we can accomplish this.
Conjugating the Masu form into the past negative tense
|To Eat||Tabemasu||たべます||Did not Eat||Tabemasen deshita||たべませんでした|
|To Borrow||Karimasu||かります||Did not Borrow||Karimasen deshita||かりませんでした|
|To Do||Shimasu||します||Did not do||Shimasen deshita||しませんでした|
|To Come||Kimasu||きます||Did not Come||Kimasen deshita||きませんでした|
|To Die||Shinimasu||しにます||Did not Die||Shinimasen deshita||しにませんでした|
So now you know how to conjugate Masu form verbs into the past, negative and past negative tenses, well done!
How can I practice these conjugation effectively?
For example write a sentence such as りんごをたべます eat an apple, then try to conjugate the sentence into the past, negative and past negative.
- りんごをたべました ate an apple
- りんごをたべません I will not eat an apple
- りんごをたべませんでした I did not eat an apple
This technique of writing short basic sentences and conjugating them one by one is by far the most effective way to learn and master the masu form verb conjugations.
Japanese verb conjugations are the foundation for your ongoing progress with Japanese learning, to master the Japanese verb conjugation is to build the foundation for success so ensure that you practice this until you can conjugate in your sleep.
So … What’s next?
As you have probably gathered, conjugating masu form verbs are extremely easy to do. However conjugating plain form verbs is a completely different story. It is much harder and will take a lot of practice. In the next online Japanese lesson we are going to tackle this subject and ensure that you are able to conjugate both masu form verbs as well as plain form verbs.