“If…then…” Statements: Attaching ければ to Japanese Adjectives to Form the Conditional :The conditional form is one of the most useful اليابانية قواعد points in the language. The English equivalent is “If…then…” statements. There are three ways of making “If…then…” statements in Japanese: the تارا form, the نارا form, and the با form. In today’s lesson, we’re going to focus on the با شكل.

TOP 15 BASIC Japanese i-adjectives You must know first in Japanese | Japanese language lesson

اليابانية الصفة إعادة النظر

Before we begin, let’s review a few common adjectives. There are two types of adjectives in Japanese: أناadjectives و غadjectives. أناadjectives end with the هيراغانا حرف い (أنا), and غadjectives end with the character な (غ). Let’s take a look at a few examples.


高 いتاكايمكلفة
寒 いسامويالبرد
面 白 いomoshiroiinteresting/funny/entertaining
美味 し いاوشيلذيذ
い いثانياحسن


便利(な)benri (na)convenient
必要(な)hitsuyou (na)ضروري
だめ(な)dame (na) unacceptable
有名(な)yuumei (na)famous
安全(な)anzen (na)safe

Now that we have familiarized ourselves with some common adjectives, let’s make a few simple sentences below utilizing these adjectives.

Watashi wa takai hoteru ga السوكي ديسو.
I like expensive hotels.
Nihon wa anzen na kuni desu.
Japan is a safe country.

ال Ba Form (the Conditional Form)

ال با form attached to the end of an الصفة creates an “If…then…” sentence. Sentences that use the با form are less colloquial than the other conditional form تارا (which we won’t cover in this lesson). The main clause (i.e. the first half of a sentence) can be a desire, hope, command, suggestion, or statement of one’s will.


التصريف أناAdjectives داخل ال Ba شكل 

In order to conjugate an أنا-الصفة داخل ال با form, you simply replace the final هيراغانا character い with ければ (kereba). Let’s take our أنا-adjectives from above and conjugate them into the با form below. Notice that the very last الصفة いい (ثانيا, good) has to be changed back into its dictionary form 良い (يوي) before it can be conjugated into the با شكل.


  ➝ 高ければتاكاأنا  ➝ takakerebaexpensive  ➝ Iif it’s expensive
  ➝ 寒ければsamuأنا  ➝ samukerebacold  ➝ If it’s cold
面 白  ➝ 面白ければomoshiroأنا  ➝ omoshirokerebainteresting  ➝ If it’s interesting
美味し  ➝ 美味しければoishiأنا  ➝ oishikerebadelicious  ➝ If it’s delicious
い い  ➝ 良  ➝ 良ければثانيا  ➝ يوأنا  ➝ yokerebagood  ➝ If it’s good

Now that we know how to change أناadjectives داخل ال با form, let’s create a few sentences. Since the با form is the more formal conditional form, we’re going to conjugate the الفعل داخل ال مؤدب form as well.

Tokei wa takakereba, kaimasen.
If the watch is expensive, I won’t buy it.
Yooroppa wa samukereba, ikimasen.
If Europe is cold, I won’t go.
Eiga wa omoshirokereba, mimashou!
If the movie is interesting, let’s see it!
Ryouri wa oishikereba, tabete mitai desu.
If the طعام is delicious, I want to try it.
Anata ni wa yokereba, konsaato ni ikimashou ka?
If it’s okay with you, shall we go to a concert?

التصريف NaAdjectives داخل ال Ba شكل

In order to conjugate غadjectives داخل ال با form, you simply leave out the な and add ならば (naraba) instead. The “با” at the end of “naraba” is optional. Let’s take our غadjectives from above and conjugate them into the با form below.


便利  ➝ 便利なら(ば)benri  ➝ benrinara(ba)convenient  ➝ If it’s convenient
必要  ➝ 必要なら(ば)hitsuyou  ➝ hitsuyounara(ba)necessary  ➝ If it’s necessary
だめ  ➝ だめなら(ば)سيدة  ➝ damenara(ba)unacceptable  ➝ If it’s unacceptable
有名  ➝ 有名なら(ば)yuumei  ➝ yuumeinara(ba)famous  ➝ If it’s famous
安全  ➝ 安全なら(ば)anzen  ➝ anzennara(ba)safe  ➝ If it’s safe

Now that we know how to conjugate الشعيدadjectives داخل ال با form, let’s create some sentences.

Anata ni wa Toukyou no hou ga benrinaraba, soko de aimashou ka?
If Tokyo is more convenient for you, shall we meet there?
Untenmenkyo ga hitsuyounaraba, wasurenai hou ga ii desu ne.
If you need your driver’s license, it’s best not to forget it.
Ano resutoran wa damenaraba, hoka no basho ni ikimashou.
If that restaurant is unacceptable, let’s go to another place.
Ano raamen wa yuumeinaraba, tabete mitai desu!
If that ramen is famous, I want to try it!
Kono kinjo wa anzennaraba, koko ni sumitai desu.
If this neighborhood is safe, I want to live here.


In Conclusion

In order to make an “If…then…” sentence in Japanese, you must use the conditional form. The more formal conditional form is the با form. In order to conjugate أناadjectives داخل ال با form, you simply remove the هيراغانا character い at the end of the word and replace it with ければ. In order to conjugate غadjectives داخل ال با form, you leave out the な character and add ならば instead. The “با” at the end of “naraba” is optional.

Now that you’ve got a new Japanese قواعد point under your belt, it’s time to get out there and ممارسة, ممارسة, ممارسة!

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