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させる causative form in Japanese

Today we will look at させ, the causative form, which has two uses.

The first is to “make somebody” do something

The second is to “let somebody” do something

させる causative form in Japanese

At first it’s confusing, “WHAAAT, two uses? Why!” don’t worry the more you use it, the easier it gets. This is a really good way to help you express yourself with more advanced Japanese.

Let’s take a look at the following verb stems.

How to make these VERBS

Let’s have a look at the second use “To Let”:

Group 1 verbs:

Take off “う” and add “あせる”

Group 2 verbs:

Take off “る” and add “させる”

Group 3:

PR

Let’s have a look at the first use “To Make”:

Person AはPerson BにVERB SASERU

母は私に野菜を食べさせる
My mother makes me eat vegetables
私は友達にあやまらせた
I made my friend apologise
先生はアダムさんに宿題をやらせた
Sensei made Adam do his homework.

Let’s have a look at the second use “To Let”:

Person AはPerson BにVERB SASERU   

母は私に野菜を食べさせる
My mother lets me eat vegetables
私は友達にあやまらせた
I let my friend apologise
先生はアダムさんに宿題をやらせた
Sensei let Adam do his homework.

As you can see, there are no clear differences between these two uses, and really the only way to tell is from context. Whether it’s “To Make” or “To Let” you have to just try and understand this from the context of the conversation.

Good luck everyone, It’s really a great grammar point to learn.

PR

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